Download PDF Solar photovoltaic powered refrigerators/freezers for medical use in remote geographic locations

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90 individual off-grid systems Chile by ENEL
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From the above overview, it the location and system parameters required to design is evident that lack of grid power supply in rural Nigeria suitable HPSs to meet given loads of health clinics. The work poses great challenges to all stakeholders in the health sector. The design of the regions of Nigeria. The research is based on modeling and most effective economic configuration from among a variety simulation using the hybrid optimization model for electric of options diesel generators, PV arrays, wind turbines, etc.

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Specifically, this study signifies the selection of the best energy option available at sought to provide a model for producing energy optimization the health clinic. The parameters useful for reaching the maps for health clinics in Nigeria, particularly in the rural decision on the type of energy solution suitable for a health off-grid area. This goal is clinic and location in Nigeria. The model for the followed by selecting the best components and their sizing, development of energy optimization map for the health and finding the best available energy option in terms of clinics in Nigeria is produced here in the figure below figure economic cost and environmental friendly that will 1.

Model for the development of energy optimization map for health clinics in Nigeria. Power Consumption 2. A Reference Rural Health Clinic A health clinic offers a wider array of services include A standard rural health clinic in the Agbani district of the treatment of illnesses, the tending of injuries, basic Nkanu-West was used to create a profile for the rural emergencies, and the provision of basic immunization health clinics in Nigeria. Figure 2 shows the daily profile services. These services make use of medical devices, electricity consumption of this clinic described by [2].

This appliances, facility support functions, and sophisticated health clinic Agbani health clinic has its average daily of diagnoses equipment, that requires a reliable power 19 kWh per day. The electrical load data can be found in supply. The energy demand is based on the type and the appendix A9.

Obviously, many rural health clinics in number of medical devices used in the facility and the Nigeria have the same electrical load data with that of frequency with which they are used on a daily basis [2]. The created profile clinic loads was used for the simulation. Daily Profile 3. Daily load profile of the health clinic [2].

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Map of Health Clinic Locations on Study 3. Specific Locations and their Resources Assessment The locations of the hypothetical health clinic are The availability of renewable energy system RES at chosen to reflect the various geographical and climatic a location differ considerably from location to location. Nigeria is divided into three main This is a vital aspect in the development of the hybrid climatic regions: the equatorial climatic region where the system.

The performances of certain renewable energy global solar radiation ranges from 4. These resources solar and wind depend on respectively.

The Off-grid Appliance Market -

The wind is characterized by a moderate different factors such as the amount of solar energy speed 2. The wind chart of Nigeria, figure. Moreover, weather data are important factors for pre-feasibility study of renewable hybrid energy system for any particular location site [5]. The data for monthly average solar radiation and wind speed for a given year were obtained from NASA [6]. Figures 5. This provided the base input data for the simulation and optimization process. The fuel price is Fig. References to relevant literature provided the 7 Global Horizontal Radiation 1.

The designed 5 Clearness Index 0. The estimated lifetime of the 1 project is 20 years.

The hybrid system components and 0. Daily Radiation Clearness Index Table 1. Material and Method 6.

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Results and optimization. During this simulation an attempt was The components needed to satisfy the annual load of made to determine for each climatic region and regarding 7,kWh are shown in figure 6.

The power system diesel generators for environmental interests. Table 2. Table 6. In terms of energy production, the generator will be running about environmental impact, this system is environmentally friendly has zero emission as shown in table Table However, there is a growing market for other, significantly more energy intensive, appliances such as TVs, refrigerators, fans and solar pumps.

These households are capable of affording not only simply solar lanterns, but also other appliances such as Solar Home System SHS [6].

Living Off the Grid: How to Generate Your Own Electricity

Access to energy not only improves the quality of life, but also aids in conducting various income generating activities. Therefore, there is a huge potential for manufactures to produce off-grid appliances based on clean energy, not only for daily use, but also for income generating purposes.

New Fridge Freezer Only 130 Watts Will Run On Solar Power

With accordance to the 's off-grid appliances market survey, the off-grid solar market continues to grow rapildly [8]. This rapid rate of growth is driven by [8] :. Traditionally electrical appliances run off Alternative Current AC , since they are designed to be connected to the grid. However, with the emergence of solar powered isolated grids and stand-alone systems, Direct Current DC appliances could become the better alternative.

A solar system typically generates DC current which can easily be stored in batteries. Therefore, having appliances which run on DC system reduces the need to convert AC to DC, which in turn reduces costs as well as electricity losses [10]. Agriculture is the main source of income in many developing countries and energy is required along the value chain. To read in detail about the role of energy efficient appliances along the value chain, click here.

For more information about off-grid appliances in agriculture, please see: Photovoltaics for Productive Use and the PoweringAg portal on energypedia. The off-grid appliance value chain has the following components: manufacturing and assembly, transport and last-mile distribution and after-sales support. The major players in off-grid appliances manufacturing are generic companies in Asia mostly in China , niche companies in western markets, and some multinationals with new off-grid ventures. Manufacturers may also partner with regional companies to assemble parts in-country since often there are lower import duties on individual parts than on the complete system.

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