Guide Philosophy of Physical Science

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Contents:
  1. Bring back science and philosophy as natural philosophy | Aeon Essays
  2. Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft 1786–1986
  3. Upcoming events in Philosophy of Physical Science
  4. Week 2: The origins of our universe (Michela Massimi and John Peacock)

Bring back science and philosophy as natural philosophy | Aeon Essays

The Newtonian conception is deterministic in the sense that, if it were possible to list, for a particular moment of time, the position and other intrinsic properties of each particle in the universe, as well as how the position of each particle is changing as time flows forward, the entire future history of the universe, in every detail, would be predictable with absolute certainty. The rate at which the position of a particle is changing at a particular time, as time flows forward, is called the velocity of the particle at that time.

The rate at which the velocity of a particle is changing at a particular time, as time flows forward, is called the acceleration of the particle at that time.


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The Newtonian conception stipulates that force , which acts to maintain or alter the motion of a particle, arises exclusively between pairs of particles; furthermore, the forces that any two particles exert on each other at any given moment depend only on what sorts of particles they are and on their positions relative to each other. Thus, within Newtonian mechanics the science of the motion of bodies under the action of forces , the specification of the positions of all the particles in the universe at a particular time and of what sorts of particles they are amounts to a specification of what forces are operating on each of those particles at that time.

One way of performing the calculation is by means of a succession of progressively better approximations. It is apparent, however, that the approximation would not be very accurate, because in fact the velocities of the particles would not remain constant throughout the interval unless no forces were at work on them.

Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft 1786–1986

Although this approximation would also be inaccurate, it is an improvement over the first one because the intervals during which the velocities of the particles are erroneously presumed to be constant are shorter in the second calculation than in the first. Of course, this improvement can itself be improved upon by dividing the interval further, into 4 or 8 or 16 intervals. Philosophy of physics. Article Media.

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Upcoming events in Philosophy of Physical Science

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Thank you for your feedback. Introduction The philosophy of space and time The Newtonian conception of the universe The logical structure of Newtonian mechanics What is space? Relationism and absolutism Kant on incongruent counterparts The question of motion Time The special theory of relativity The general theory of relativity The direction of time and the foundations of statistical mechanics The problem of the direction of time Thermodynamics The foundations of statistical mechanics Quantum mechanics The principle of superposition The measurement problem Attempts to solve the measurement problem The theory of Bohm The theory of Ghirardi, Rimini, and Weber Nonlocality Prospects and connections Quantum theory and the structure of space-time Quantum theory and the foundations of statistical mechanics Frontiers.

Jeffrey, Peter Achinstein, and Ronald Laymon explore general philosophical themes with applications to modern physics and astrophysics. The themes include the nature of the hypothetico-deductive method, the concept of observation and the validity of the theoretical-observation distinction, the probabilistic basis of confirmation, and the testing of idealizations and approximations.

Week 2: The origins of our universe (Michela Massimi and John Peacock)

The remaining four chapters focus on the history of particular twentieth-century experiments, the instruments and techniques utilized, and the hypotheses they were designed to test. Peter Galison reviews the development of the bubble chamber; Roger Stuewer recounts a sharp dispute between physicists in Cambridge and Vienna over the interpretation of artificial disintegration experiments; John Rigden provides a history of the magnetic resonance method; and Geoffrey Joseph suggests a statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics that can be used to interpret the Stern-Gerlach and double-slit experiments.

Phillip Bricker and R.


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