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Modern-day Europeans by the millions proudly trace back their national identities to the Celts, Franks, Gauls, Goths, Huns, or Serbs--or some combination of the various peoples who inhabited, traversed, or pillaged their continent more than a thousand years ago. According to Patrick Geary, this is historical nonsense. The idea that national character is fixed for all time in a simpler, distant past is groundless, he argues in this unflinching reconsideration of European nationhood.

Few of the peoples that many Europeans honor as sharing their sense of ''nation'' had comparably homogeneous identities; even the Huns, he points out, were firmly united only under Attila's ten-year reign. Geary dismantles the nationalist myths about how the nations of Europe were born.

Through rigorous analysis set in lucid prose, he contrasts the myths with the actual history of Europe's transformation between the fourth and ninth centuries--the period of grand migrations that nationalists hold dear. The nationalist sentiments today increasingly taken for granted in Europe emerged, he argues, only in the nineteenth century.

He takes us from the primeval forests of England's prehistory to the death, in , of the first Tudor king, Henry VII. He guides us from the building of Stonehenge to the founding of the two great glories of medieval England: common law and the cathedrals. He describes the successive waves of invaders who made England English, despite being themselves Roman, Viking, Saxon, or Norman French.

With his extraordinary skill for evoking time and place and his acute eye for the telling detail, Ackroyd recounts the story of warring kings, civil strife, and foreign wars. But he also gives us a vivid sense of how England's early people lived: the homes they built, the clothes they wore, the food they ate, even the jokes they told.

All are brought to life through the narrative mastery of one of Britian's finest writers. Bright Lights of the Dark Ages is a major new volume focused on early Medieval personal ornament. It features over one hundred magnificent objects, many crafted in gold and silver and inlaid with sparkling garnet stones. These splendid brooches, buckles, and pendants, created to advertise power and wealth in the barbarian kingdoms, were later interred with their owners to be used in the afterlife.

The exceptionally broad scope of the Thaw collection, spanning over a millennium, illustrates the continuity and evolution of fine metalworking traditions. It also reveals the profound influence of the classical world on the new political alliances formed during the early Medieval period that united people from diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds. Groups of Iranian Sarmatians and Alans, Turkic tribes from the east, and Germanic and Slavic barbarians in western Europe were all shaped by their interaction with the Roman and Byzantine empires.

Highlights of this volume, replete with sumptuous images, include stunning brooches from the Sarmatian period, rare examples of Hunnic and Gothic garnet cloisonne, exceptional brooches from the Merovingian period, and superb Gallo-Roman enameled brooches and spoons. This book makes an important general contribution to the history of war in medieval times, and opens up new and original perspectives on a familiar topic. An incredible portrait of everyday life in the Middle Ages, bringing to life all the drama and trauma of a storied era.

Intensive studies of journals, letters, and personal papers offer a detailed view of the evolving concept of personal privacy from the 11th century to the first flowering of the Renaissance. The Mind of the Middle Ages, A. Focuses on the advances in philosophy, literature, music, art, and education in medieval Europe. Perhaps no conflict in history has impacted the ways of the world with the force of the quest for the Holy Land, nine hundred years ago.

Ordered by the Pope to overtake the Muslim world, vast Christian armies stormed the Mediterranean thus sparking two hundred years of brutal conflict which are chronicled here in 'The Crusades' by acclaimed author Thomas Asbridge. Throughout this vivid, fast paced-narrative readers are provided a compellingly objective view of the conflict from both Muslim and Christian perspectives, while gaining a new understanding of the events and how their influence still bears weight today. Asbridge details the training rituals, weaponry, and battle tactics of knighthood, and explores the codes of chivalry and courtliness that shaped their daily lives.

These skills were essential to survive one of the most turbulent periods in English history—an era of striking transformation, as the West emerged from the Dark Ages. Asbridge introduces this storied knight to modern readers and places him firmly in the context of the majesty, passion, and bloody intrigue of the Middle Ages. The Greatest Knight features 16 pages of black-and-white and color illustrations.

Deftly written and beautifully illustrated, The Worlds of Medieval Europe, Second Edition, presents a distinctive and nuanced portrayal of a western world that was sharply divided between its northern and southern aspects. By integrating the histories of the Islamic and Byzantine worlds into the main narrative, author Clifford R. Backman offers an insightful, detailed, and often witty look at the continuum of interaction--social, cultural, intellectual, and commercial--that existed among all three societies.

Filled with relevant primary documents, this compelling volume surpasses traditional textbook representations of the Middle Ages by balancing the conventional focus on political affairs, especially those of northern Europe, with equally detailed attention to medieval society as it developed in the Mediterranean. In addition, Backman describes the ways in which the medieval Latin West attempted to understand the unified and rational structure of the human cosmos, which they believed existed beneath the observable diversity and disorder of the world.

This effort to re-create a human ordering of "unity through diversity" provides an essential key to understanding medieval Europe and the ways in which it regarded and reacted to the worlds around it. Thoroughly updated and redesigned, the second edition features an inviting and accessible layout and integrates captivating new illustrations--nearly twice as many as in the previous edition--to stimulate students' engagement with the material.

Moreover, it offers a sophisticated analysis of gender, along with an intriguing examination of the tumultuous relationship between the Mediterranean and Islam. An invaluable resource for both students and instructors, The Worlds of Medieval Europe, Second Edition, is ideal for undergraduate courses in medieval history, Western civilization, the history of Christianity, and Muslim-Christian relations. It also serves as an excellent supplement on the history of a specific country in the medieval period, the history of medieval art, or the history of the European economy.

Chartres Cathedral, south of Paris, is revered as one of the most beautiful and profound works of art in the Western canon. But what did it mean to those who constructed it in the 12th and 13th centuries - and why was it buiot at such immense height and with such glorious lay of light, in the soaring manner we now call Gothic?

The Last Hour - Oblivion

Notes, Bibliography, Index. Details the rise and fall of the medieval Order of the Temple, and its afterlife in myth and history. First published to wide critical acclaim in , The Two Cities has become an essential text for students of medieval history. For the second edition, the author has thoroughly revised each chapter, bringing the material up to date and taking the historiography of the past decade into account. The Two Cities covers a colourful period from the schism between the eastern and western churches to the death of Dante. It encompasses key topics such as:the Crusadesthe expansionist force of the Normansmajor developments in the way kings, emperors and Popes exercised their powersa great flourishing of art and architecturethe foundation of the very first universities.

Running through it all is the defining characteristic of the high Middle Ages: the delicate relationship between the spiritual and secular worlds, the two 'cities' of the title. This survey provides all the facts and background information that students need, and is defined into straightforward thematic chapters. It makes extensive use of primary sources, and makes new trends in research accessible to students. Its fresh approach gives students the most rounded, lively and integrated view of the high Middle Ages available. From the schism between Rome and Constantinople to the rise of the T'ang Dynasty, from the birth of Muhammad to the crowning of Charlemagne, this erudite book tells the often violentstory of kings, generals, and the peoples they ruled.

In the years between the fourth and twelfth centuries, rulers had to find new justification for their power, and they turned to divine truth or grace to justify political and military action. Right thus replaces might as the engine of empire. Not just Christianity and Islam but the religions of the Persians and the Germans, and even Buddhism, are pressed into the service of the state. Lacking the dust jacket. The bloody Battle of Hastings, in which the Norman bastard William defeated the Anglo-Saxon king, Harold, inspired the creation of the most famous textile in the world--The Bayeux Tapestry.

Measuring twenty inches high and an astonishing feet long, it depicts the events surrounding the Norman Conquest of Howard Bloch aims to discover the true marriage of carnage and cloth. To do so he examines the histories of the combatants, their personalities, and the people who produced the tapestry--and in the process Bloch himself weaves together a masterpiece. We become familiar with the shifts in belief and rhetoric, politics and religion that were central to Europe's history as Boureau investigates the circumstances under which the myth was constructed.

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Phantoms-of-Remembrance-Memory-and-Oblivion-at-the-End-of-the-First-Millenium.pdf

Book News, Inc. Eleven in-depth essays and encyclopedia entries provide essential information and fresh perspectives on the history and culture of an era marked by the rise of two world religions, unprecedented political upheavals, and the creation of art of enduring glory. The Legend of the Middle Ages reconstructs the true character of a complicated and philosophically rich period that remains deeply relevant to the contemporary world. This volume explores key intersections of medieval religion and philosophy. Brague focuses less on individual Christian, Jewish, and Muslim thinkers than on their relationships with one another.

Brague's portrayal of this misunderstood age brings to life not only its philosophical and theological nuances, but also its true lessons for our own time. The Echoes of the Ancient World Series. Portrays the armed struggle of the Crusaders against the Moslems for control of the holy places of the Christian faith in the Middle East. John at War The Mongol takeover in the s changed the course of Chinese history. The Confucian empire—a millennium and a half in the making—was suddenly thrust under foreign occupation.

What China had been before its reunification as the Yuan dynasty in was no longer what it would be in the future. Four centuries later, another wave of steppe invaders would replace the Ming dynasty with yet another foreign occupation. The Troubled Empire explores what happened to China between these two dramatic invasions. If anything defined the complex dynamics of this period, it was changes in the weather. Asia, like Europe, experienced a Little Ice Age, and as temperatures fell in the thirteenth century, Kublai Khan moved south into China. His Yuan dynasty collapsed in less than a century, but Mongol values lived on in Ming institutions.

A second blast of cold in the s, combined with drought, was more than the dynasty could stand, and the Ming fell to Manchu invaders. These changes not only shaped what China would become but contributed to the formation of the early modern world. The poet's acclaimed biography of this extraordinary and enigmatic couple broadens to include every aspect of imperial administration and policy. With 29 illust. For far too long popular history has largely ignored the significant impact left on the world by the Byzantine civilization.

Now, in 'Lost to the West' former high-school history teacher Lars Brownworth offers readers an intriguing and informative glimpse into the past that explains how the Byzantine Empire is responsible for nurturing and preserving the earliest traces of the Western world. Brimming with political intrigue, espionage, domination, and exploration, this engaging work reveals the relevance of those who fought against everything in order to cultivate the classic works and traditions that we still study and practice today.

Selected Bibliography, Index. On visits to the great cities of Europe - monumental Rome, the intellectually explosive Paris of Peter Abelard and Thomas Aquinas; the hotbed of scientific study that was Oxford; and the incomparable Florence of Dante and Giotto - Thomas Cahill brilliantly distributes the spirit of experimentation, the colorful pageantry, and the passionate pursuit of knowledge that built the foundations for the modern world.

Phantoms of Remembrance : Memory and Oblivion at the End of the First Millennium

Four-color illustrations throughout. This full-color landmark reference explores the entire medieval world - from the British Isles to the Far East, from the Crusades to the Vikings - and, the great figures, among them Dante, Chaucer and Aquinas, who defined the period. Over individual entries detail this historical period; twenty major essays portray the lives of Medieval luminaries.

Over illustrations. This rewrite about a third of the author's classic incorporates recent trends in interpretation and novel perspectives, especially as relates to the foundations of the Middle Ages to A.


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Recommended Reading, Index. Shrouded in a haze of myths, the Black Plague that ravaged 14th-century Europe gets an upbeat spin: the often literal demise of the old order meant that new, more scientific thinkingincreasingly prevailed where church dogma had once held sway, heralding an intellectual revolution. There was also an explosion of art: tapestries became popular as window protection against the supposedly windborne virus.

Provides information on the Black Death, including the physical details of the plague, how it remade society, and its impact on history. A medieval historian traces the catastrophic effects of the Black Death plague on European Society during the fourteenth century and reveals its pivotal role in reshaping the history of the continent. This important new text provides a clear, comprehensive, and accessible overview of major economic issues facing Latin America today, including balance of payments problems, inflation, stabilization, poverty, inequality, and land reform.

Lavishly illustrated volume presents a concise account of the evolution, history, and practice of chivalry, from its roots in the religious fervor of the Crusades to its zenith in Eleanor of Aquitane's Court of Love.

Table of Contents

Color illus. An account by the British journalist in which she retraces the journey made just before the year by a young Viking Christian across Europe and the Middle East to Jerusalem. Today when we think of cathedrals, we usually envision the great Gothic buildings of 12th- and 13th-century Europe. But other than being a large church, a cathedral is neither a specific type of building nor specifically medieval.

What makes a large church a cathedral is the presence of a single item of furniture: the chair in Latin: cathedra or throne that is the symbol of the ecclesiastical and spiritual authority of a bishop. This book is an introduction to the medieval cathedral, those churches that are usually regarded as among the greatest achievements of medieval architecture.

Revised and Expanded Edition. This unique biography tells the story of an extraordinary 15th-century woman who journeyed all over Europe from England to the Holy Land. Drawing on the chronicles of her contemporaries and on her own clear-eyed autobiography - dictated to a priest near the end of her life and said to be the first written in English - these memoirs reveal a woman who has strange ideas about such things as sin and sainthood, dress, diet, and sex, and provides a colorful and detailed picture of everyday medieval life in England and around the rim of the Mediterranean.

Bibliography, Index. A history of medieval warfare in Europe covers the fifth through the fifteenth century and discusses armor, artillery, strategy, and courage. An introduction to the daily life of men, women and children living in England from the end of Roman Britain in the 5th century AD to the Norman Conquest, based on documentary and archaeological evidence.

Impeccably researched, is a vivid, intense tale of courasge and cruelty, of technological ingenuity, endurance and luck. It is also the story of this moment and the crucial link it provides inthe chain of events that connects the historic confrontations of the Mideast to the modern world. Source Notes, Bibliography, Index. Received Medievalisms By Cynthia J. This study examines the post-medieval reception of Vienna's women's monastic institutions in their capacity as historical icons of a medieval past.

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Over time, the eight major women's convents of medieval Vienna become linked in the popular mind with the broader mythology of "Alt-Wien," the old Vienna. Accounts of the city in geographical materials of the fifteenth through nineteenth centuries - maps and panoramas, topographies, travel literature, and Vienna-centric folktale collections - frequently allude to the convents' medieval identities at the expense of their ongoing presence as active female religious establishments.

By teasing out the way people think about the physical and historical place such women's institutions hold in this important urban and political center, we come to understand the ways in which the persistence of the medieval shapes later understandings of women's role and agency within the city.

A fifteenth-century instruction book for women provides an inside look at life in medieval France and discusses the role of women on each economic level. As a veteran campaigner, the Byzantine emperor Maurice compiled a unique and influential handbook intended for the field commander. In this first complete English translation, the Strategikon is an invaluable source not only for early Byzantine history but for the general history of the art of war.

Phantoms of remembrance : memory and oblivion at the end of the first millennium

Describing in detail weaponry and armor, daily life on the march or in camp, clothing, food, medical care, military law, and titles of the Byzantine army of the seventh century, the Strategikon offers insights into the Byzantine military ethos. In language contemporary, down-to-earth, and practical, the text also provides important data for the historian, and even the ethnologist, including eyewitness accounts of the Persians, Slavs, Lombards, and Avars at the frontier of the Empire.

Enemies in the Plaza examines medieval personalities, cities, and pageants at the border of Castile and Grenada, illuminating how public spectacle reflected and altered attitudes towards Jews, Muslims, and converts. Although it once helped to dissipate anxieties, pageantry ultimately contributed to the rejection of religious minorities. It was the time of the crossbow and catapult, halberd and mace, battering ram, siege tower, sword and dagger, and increasingly more formidable armored protection.

From the fall of the Roman empire to the beginnings of the Reformation, this volume covers the transformation from warrior in the mail shirt to plate armored knight, from the days of spears and swords to the adoption of the handgun and the cannon. The religious conflicts of sixteenth-century France, particularly the St. Bartholomew's Day massacres of , continue to draw a good deal of attention from historians. What started as a limited coup against the Huguenot leadership became instead a conflagration that left two thousand or more Protestants dead in the streets and ushered in a series of bloody religious battles.

Until now, however, historians have been preoccupied with the political aspects of the conflicts, and histories have focused on the roles of the king and high noblemen in the assassinations that sparked the massacres, rather than the mass violence. In this compelling and unique study, Diefendorf closely examines popular religious fanaticism and religious hatred.

She focuses on the roots and escalation of the conflicts, the propaganda of Catholic and Protestant preachers, popular religious beliefs and rituals, the role of the militia, and the underground activities of the Protestant community after the massacres. Drawing on a wide array of published and unpublished sources, Beneath the Cross is the most comprehensive social history to date of these religious conflicts.

In this volume, Georges Duby examines the lives of prominent twelfth-century French women as well as popular female literary figures of that time.

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Focusing on medieval notions of women and love, Duby looks for the ideological motivations for the representation of the female sex. He analyzes the ways in which women's biographies were written and how female characters were treated in fable and legend, pointing to the social and political forces at work in these representations.

Duby also studies the literary figures of St. Provocative, informative, and entertaining, this book offers new insight on courtly love and the representations of women under medieval patriarchy. Edgington Queen Mary, U.